As informed to Scientific American
When a member of the family dies, we the Diné, whom Spanish conquistadors named the Navajo, ship a discover to our native radio station so that everybody in the neighborhood can know. Normally the studying of the loss of life notices—the names of those that have handed on, their ages, the place they lived and the names of their matrilineal and patrilineal clans—takes not more than 5 minutes. It was once very uncommon to listen to about younger folks dying. However this previous week, I listened to 45 minutes of loss of life notices on KGAK Radio AM 1330. The ages ranged from 26 to 89, with many of the lifeless having been of their 30s, 40s or 50s.
I’m in shock. The virus entered our neighborhood in March, via a Nazarene Christian revival in Arizona. They introduced in vanloads and busloads of individuals from throughout the Navajo Nation for the gathering; then all these vans and buses returned them to their respective communities, together with the virus. There have been speedy deaths as a result of the medical services weren’t prepared for it. Greater than 300 Navajos have already died of COVID-19, and the illness continues to be spreading.
I’m a Diné storyteller and keeper of traditions. I dwell alone in a hogan, a conventional octagonal log home, in Chi Chil Tah, that means “The place the Oaks Develop,” after the Gambel oaks indigenous to this area. Formally often known as Vanderwagen, the neighborhood lies 23 miles south of Gallup, N.M.. The pandemic reached the realm in late April. On Might 1, the governor of New Mexico evoked the riot act to dam off all exits into Gallup to cease the unfold of the virus, and solely residents may get in. The lockdown prolonged to Might 11. It was not so unhealthy the primary week, however then we began to expire of meals and water.
The groundwater in components of Vanderwagen is of course contaminated with arsenic and uranium; in any case, few of us have the cash to drill a effectively. Usually, my brothers and my nephew haul water in 250-gallon tanks which might be behind a pickup truck. At Gallup they’ve a high-powered effectively; you pay $5 in cash, put the hose in your tank and fill it up. You haul that residence, dump that into your cistern, and you’ve got water in your home. With out entry to Gallup, folks started to expire of water—at the same time as we have been being informed to scrub our arms often.
My hogan has electrical energy however no working water. My brothers convey me water, and so they put it in a 75-gallon barrel. I drink that water, and I wash with it, however I additionally purchase 5 gallons of water for $5, in case I want further. I sometimes use a gallon of water a day, for every thing—cooking, ingesting and washing up. My great-grandmother used to say, “Don’t get used to ingesting water, as a result of certainly one of as of late you’re going to be combating for it.” I’ve realized to dwell on little or no.
We’ve got a number of cancers in our neighborhood, maybe due to the uranium. And now we have many different well being points that I feel makes this virus so viable amongst us. We’ve got a number of diabetes, as a result of we don’t eat effectively, and a number of coronary heart illness. We’ve got alcoholism. We’ve got excessive charges of suicide. We’ve got each social unwell you’ll be able to consider, and COVID has made these vulnerabilities extra obvious. I take a look at it as a monster that’s feasting on us—as a result of now we have constructed the proper human for it to invade.
Days after Gallup reopened, I drove there to mail a letter. Each fast-food institution—McDonald’s, Kentucky Fried Hen, Wendy’s, Burger King, Panda Categorical, Taco Bell, they’re all positioned on one strip—had lengthy, lengthy traces of vehicles ready at their drive-throughs. This in a neighborhood with such excessive charges of diabetes. Maybe there wasn’t any meals out there within the very small shops positioned of their communities, however I additionally assume this pandemic has triggered a number of emotional responses which might be usually hidden. On the freeway to Vanderwagen, there’s a comfort retailer the place they promote liquor. And the car parking zone was fully full, all people was simply shopping for and shopping for liquor. There’s a sense of hysteria and panic, however I additionally assume that a number of Navajo folks don’t know how one can be with themselves, as a result of there isn’t a extremely good, rounded, religious apply of any type to anchor them.
COVID is revealing what occurs whenever you displace a folks from their roots. Take a Diné teenager. She will gown Navajo, however she has no language or tradition or perception system that tells her what it means to be Diné. Her grandmother was taken away on the age of 5 to a BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs) boarding faculty and stored there till she was 18. In school, they taught her that her tradition and her religious apply have been of the satan and that she wanted to fully deny them. Her language was not legitimate: “You’ve gotten a Navajo accent; you should converse English extra completely.” Identical occurred to her mom. Our languages have been misplaced, the tradition and conventional practices have been gone. That was additionally when spankings and beatings entered Diné tradition. These youngsters endured these horrible methods of being disciplined within the BIA colleges, and that turned how they disciplined their very own kids.
I meet youngsters like this on a regular basis—who don’t know who they’re. For 35 years I’ve been making an attempt to inform them, you come from a fantastic tradition. You come from certainly one of lots of of tribes who have been thriving within the Americas when Columbus arrived; we had a viable political and financial system that was based mostly on religious practices tied to the land. Some 500 years in the past, Spanish conquistadors got here up the Rio Grande into North America in quest of gold. They have been armed with the Doctrine of Discovery, a fearful authorized doc issued by the Pope that sanctioned the colonization of non-Christian territories. Then within the mid-1800s, the pioneers got here from the East Coast with their perception in Manifest Future, their ethical proper to colonize the land. As their wagons moved west, the Plains Indians have been moved out and placed on reservations. When your religious apply is predicated on the land you’re dwelling on, and also you’re being herded away from what anyone else would name her temple, or mosque, or church, or cathedral—that’s the primary place your spirituality is attacked.
My great-great-great-great-grandfather on my father’s aspect was captured and brought on what we name the Lengthy Stroll to Fort Sumner. Initially about 10,000 Diné have been rounded up, and plenty of died on that stroll, which took weeks or months, relying on the route on which they have been taken. They have been imprisoned for 4 years at Fort Sumner, and launched in 1868, due to the Civil Struggle. At about the identical time, my great-great-great-great-grandfather on my mom’s aspect escaped from Colonel Equipment Carson at Canyon de Chelly and traveled north along with his goats. He got here again all the way down to this space at simply concerning the time my great-great-great-great-grandmother escaped Spanish slavery. Slavery was launched right here by the Spanish—that’s by no means talked about. The youngsters born at Fort Sumner have been taken into Spanish households, to be slaves.
We had the Spanish flu within the 1920s, certainly one of many viruses to invade our neighborhood. Then within the 1930s there was the Nice Melancholy. We didn’t know that was occurring: we didn’t have cash, however we had wealth within the type of sheep. And the federal government got here in and killed our sheep within the Inventory Discount Program. They mentioned the sheep have been eroding the land, however I feel they did it as a result of the sheep made us self-sufficient, and so they couldn’t enable that. We had religious practices round our sheep. Each time we developed self-sufficiency and a viable religious apply, they destroyed it. My mom mentioned they dug deep trenches, herded the sheep and massacred them.
A tuberculosis epidemic within the 1940s took away my mom’s dad and mom. My great-grandmother, a healer and herbalist, had hidden my mom from the federal government brokers who snatched Diné youngsters to place them into BIA boarding colleges. My mom turned a rancher, a prolific weaver, a fantastic lady who spoke the language. She didn’t converse a lot English. She died at 96; my great-grandmother died at 104. Now, in our neighborhood in Chi Chil Tah, there are not any extra conventional healers; the oldest individual is my great-grand-aunt, who’s 78. I’m the one conventional Diné storyteller.
Now that we’re speaking about problems with race in America, we have to additionally discuss concerning the Native American tribes that have been displaced. There’s a reservation in upstate New York of the Iroquois folks—all of 21 sq. miles. How a lot land have been the Iroquois initially dwelling on? Who was dwelling in what’s now Massachusetts? What about Pennsylvania? What about all of the states below the umbrella of america? Whose land are you occupying? Abraham Lincoln ordered the bloodbath of 38 Dakota males the day after Christmas, the identical week he signed the Emancipation Proclamation; they name him Sincere Abe. They don’t discuss concerning the darkish aspect of issues, and I feel that’s what COVID has revealed—the darkish aspect. We see a police officer placing his full physique weight on the neck of a black man. And all of the sudden all people goes, Wow! What have we advanced to?
It appears to me that COVID has revealed a number of truths, all over the place on the planet. If we have been blind to the reality, it’s now revealed; if we have been ignoring the reality, it’s now revealed. This reality is the disparity: of well being, wellbeing and human worth. And now that the reality has been revealed, what are we going to do about it?